It was founded in the 8th century on the site of ancient Bodincomagus. In the 10th century the town belonged to the marquessate of Monferrato, becoming its capital in It passed to the Gonzaga family in and was long the subject of dispute between France and Spain. Its citadel changed hands frequently before being dismantled in and passing to Savoy in Evasio ; the 15th-century church of S. Domenico, with a Renaissance portal; the 17th-century castle; and many 18th-century palaces.
Lime, cementand artificial stone are produced, as are farm machineryelectrical appliances, and tartaric acid. Wine is exported. Casale Monferrato. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
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Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox!Province of Alessandria. Casale Monferrato. Things to Do in Casale Monferrato. All Things to Do. View map. Browse by Category. Historic Sites. Architectural Buildings. Top Attractions in Casale Monferrato. Sinagoga reviews. Museums 3. Ecomuseo della Pietra da Cantoni 28 reviews. Chiesa di San Domenico 32 reviews. Museums 5.
Museo Civico Gipsoteca Bistolfi 32 reviews. Traveler Resources 6. Museums 7. Jewish Community House Monferrato 87 reviews. Castello del Monferrato reviews. Palazzo Gozani Di Treville 16 reviews. Torre Civica di Santo Stefano 67 reviews. Parco Eternot 17 reviews. Chiesa di Santa Caterina 39 reviews.
Piazza Mazzini o del Cavallo 24 reviews. Distilleria Magnoberta 6 reviews. Chiesa del Convento di Sant'Antonio 4 reviews. Teatro Municipale di Casale Monferrato 9 reviews. Via Saffi 7 reviews. Chiesa di San Michele 9 reviews. Traveler Resources Biblioteca Civica Giovanni Canna 5 reviews. Shopping Andre Maurice 4 reviews. Giardini Pubblici 8 reviews. Ex Chiesa di Santa Croce 5 reviews.
Biblioteca del Seminario 7 reviews. Azienda Agricola Ardizzina 2 reviews. Chiesa di San Paolo 3 reviews. Bosco Pastrona 2 reviews. Monumento ai Caduti 5 reviews.Casale Monferrato is a substantial town, located on the plain between the extreme eastern slopes of the hills of the Po and the right bank of the river, in the Piedmont region of north-east Italy.
Despite more recent development the historic area of Casale Monferrato has kept the perimeter that was established by the town's ancient fortified walls. Although significantly restructured over the centuries the Old Town in Casale Monferrato is very interesting because of the many palazzos built by the noble and bourgeois families who rebuilt or adapted the buildings, and also built new churches.
The town contains a great deal of interest to visitors so allow plenty of time for your visit and for time to stroll around taking in the atmosphere and stopping in a cafe. Start your visit to Casale Monferrato at the great square castle on the Po River. The massive Fortress probably dates from it originally belonged to the Paleologi lords. The fortress has a quadrilateral plan with corner towers and is surrounded by a moat.
The entire complex was originally defended by a moat around its perimeter. The cathedral is the most important religious building in Casale Monferrato, an example of Romanesque-Gothic architecture and rich in works of art. The narthex entrancewith its barrel and cross vaults, is enriched by a gallery with triple lancet windows.
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Inside the cathedral you can see the Romanesque capitals, mosaics, and the crucifix in silver leaf suspended over the presbytery: the Christ is formed by a wooden support covered with lamina of silver and copper with the wooden cross decorated with precious stones and crystals of different colours, like a royal crown on his head. The chapel of Saint Evasio in the right aisle of the cathedral is rich in a wide variety of marble and the work of B.
Alfieri 18th century. The Museum is divided into several sections, including the plaster casts Museum, with interesting works by Leonardo Bistolfian exponent of the Italian Symbolismand the Art Gallery, containing works by Moncalvo, Carlo Mussoa Romantic painter particularly appreciated for his portraitsPietro Francesco Gualaa Baroque painter, also a great portraitist and other paintings dating from the 15th to the 20th century.
There is also a collection of paintings by Angelo Morbellia realist painter, who later joined the "Divisionism" movement, characterized by a strong social commitment and an Archaeological section with some finds from the Bronze Age. Among the other notable monuments in Casale Monferrato are the Jewish Synagoguebuilt in and with an impressive interior that testifies to the importance of this community.
There are also many Baroque palaces, including those of Saint George, the Town Hall, the Gozzani Palace of Treville, and the Ottolenghi and Mumico Palaces, and several other churches, some of which are quite imposing.
A walk in the old town also reveals glimpses of ancient courtyards that are equally fascinating in their own way. Close to Casale Monferrato there are many other churches and monuments worth visiting, but before exploring we suggest you first find time to enjoy the local cuisine! One local highlight is the famous "Krumiri" made in the town cookies made of wheat flour, butter, eggs, and vanilla.
Usually we enjoy them as a sweet after a meal, with coffee and tea, or even with a small glass of White Grappa.Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.
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Large groups. Local cuisine. Bar scene.Beyond the river lies the vast plain of the Po valley. Since it became a Roman municipium the town has been the most important centre of the zone. After a spell of decline, due to the fall of the Roman Empire and the barbaric invasion, Casale became a free municipality and from the 15th century to the 16th century was the capital of the Palaiologos.
Then the Gonzaga got hold of the town and built one of the biggest and most important citadels of Europe. In the 17th century and the 18th century was besieged by both the Spanish and French armies, interested in its strategical position; during Italian unification Casale has been one of the defensive bulwarks against the Austrian Empire.
Today Casale, in the middle of the industrial triangle Turin - Milan - Genoais an important industrial centre, known for the production of cement and the closed factory Eternitthat produced the homonymous material, very dangerous due to the presence of asbestos.
Thousands of inhabitants [ citation needed ] of Casale have died from mesothelioma a fatal disease caused by the breathing of asbestos. The origins of the town are fairly obscure. By the beginning of the 8th century, there was a small town under Lombard rule, probably called Sedula or Sedulia. It was here according to late and unreliable accounts that one Saint Evasiusalong with followers, was decapitated on the orders of the Arian Duke Attabulo.
Liutprand, King of the Lombards is said to have supported the construction of a church in honour of Evasius. At the time of Charlemagnethe town came under the temporal and religious power of the bishops of Vercellifrom which it was freed by Frederick BarbarossaHoly Roman Emperor and King of Italy. It was sacked by the anti-imperial troops of VercelliAlessandria and Milan inbut rebuilt and fortified in It fell under the power of the Marquess of Montferrat inalthough it was conquered by the Visconti of Milan init remained under their control until  and later became the capital of the marquessate.
Gian Galeazzo spentgolden florins in attempting to turn from their courses the river Mincio from the city of Mantuabut Gian Galeazzo died. In it passed to the Gonzagas of Mantuawho fortified it strongly.
Thereafter it was of considerable importance as a fortress. Infollowing the defeat of the Piedmontese army at the Battle of BassignanoCasale was occupied by the victorious French and Spanish troops. Much damage was caused to the city's buildings; the subsequent renovation and rebuilding in the Baroque style made a substantial contribution to the urban texture.
It successfully resisted the Austrians in and was strengthened in The historic centre of the town is itself centred on Piazza Mazzini, the site of the Roman forum. The statue was commissioned by the municipal authorities as a mark of gratitude to the king for having selected Casale as the seat of Piedmont's second Court of Appeal and to celebrate the construction of Casale's first permanent bridge across the Po.
Locally the square is called Piazza Cavallo wiktionary:cavallo being the Italian word for "horse". A little to the east of the square is the Lombard Romanesque cathedral of Sant'Evasiofounded inrebuilt in the early 12th century and consecrated on 7 January by Pope Paschal II. It occupies a site where once was a Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter. It underwent restoration in and again in the 19th century. The interior houses the relics of Saint Evasius and, near the presbyteryfragments 11th-century pavement mosaics with Biblical scenes now remounted on the walls of the corridor from the apse to the sacristy.
The church and convent of San Francesco, which housed the remains of many of the Marquises of Monferrato, was turned to other uses during the 18th century and demolished in the nineteenth. The high open tower which is a landmark of Via Lanza belongs to Palazzo Morelli di Popolo; it has been attributed to Bernardo Vittoneand also to Magnocavalli—both are believed to have had a hand in the refurbishment of the building.
This brick tower, square in plan and 60 metres high, dates from the 11th century but suffered severe fire damage in April when a festival to celebrate the peace between Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian I and King Louis XII of France got out of hand. The reconstruction, completed six years later by Matteo Sammicheli, produced a taller structure which included the current bell-chamber. The balconies attached to the upper part of the tower were added during the period of Gonzaga rule.
Subsequent restorations were carried out in after a lightning strike which destroyed the 15th-century clock and again in Adjoining the tower is the church of Santo Stefano which stands on the east side of a small square named after it.
Adorning both the walls and the vault are 15 tondi depicting prophets, apostles and the Virgin painted by Pietro Francesco Guala inthe last year of his life. Also in the square, there is a marble statue of the archaeologist and architect Luigi Canina by Benedetto Cacciatore. Piazza Castello is a large irregularly shaped open space used as a car park and as a market square; it is dominated by the castle of the Paleologi which occupies most of its western side.
The castle itself is an imposing 15th century military construction, with a hexagonal plan, four round towers and an encircling moat. At the south-east corner of the piazza is the elegant Baroque church of Santa Maria delle Graziebetter known by its earlier designation of Santa Caterina.Le precipitazioni si concentrano soprattutto durante la primavera e l' autunno.
In inverno possono esserci nevicate, talvolta abbondanti, e frequenti gelate. I primi abitanti delle terre casalesi furono i Ligurii quali si insediarono sulle rive del Po. In seguito si stanziarono i Celto-Galli i quali lasciarono vocaboli usati ancora in epoca moderna nella lingua piemontese.
Things to Do in Casale Monferrato
Vennero successivamente conquistati dai Romani che fondarono un municipium sulla zona dell'insediamento chiamato Vardacate. In seguito alle invasioni barbariche e alla fine dell'imperosi stanziarono, sulla zona del municipiumi Longobardi intorno al circa.
Fin dall'epoca longobarda vi operavano i monaci colombaniani della potente abbazia di San Colombano di Bobbioattivissimo centro di evangelizzazione e di rinascita agricola sotto la protezione del Papa. Essi a partire dal vasto feudo reale ed imperiale monasticodiedero impulso all'agricoltura con il recupero di aree incolte o abbandonate, le bonifiche e le migliorie agronomiche con il recupero e la diffusione di vigneti, castagneti, mulini, ecc.
I monaci diedero, inoltre, un notevole apporto alimentare grazie agli allevamenti ed alla conservazione degli alimentiproteine e grassi, come olioburroformaggisalumigrazie a sale e spezie ; inoltre si adoperarono per la riapertura delle vie commerciali e delle vie del sale ed il commercio lungo la pianura e verso la marittima ligure con scambi di merci varie come olio, sale, spezie, legname, carne, ecc.
Il nome di Casale appare per la prima volta in un documento di donazione del diacono Andrea alla canonica di Sant'Evasio, datato 15 agosto Neldurante la prima guerra d'indipendenzagli austriaci assediarono Casale e cercarono di renderla un caposaldo della loro linea difensiva. All'inizio del XX secolo a Casale si stabilirono numerosi impianti industriali, soprattutto cementiferi.
Allo stesso tempo crebbe anche l'abusivismo edilizio, e per questo nel fu approvato il piano regolatore della Agro Callori, una delle aree urbane comunali.
Il primo ed il quarto rappresentano le armi dei Paleologi. Il secondo ed il terzo quelle degli Aleramici. Periodo, definito dalla Casa Savoiacompreso tra i moti insurrezionali del e la fine della prima Guerra Mondiale nel Nel la nuova sinagoga, completamente trasformata, fu consacrata. Duomo di Sant'Evasio.
Chiesa di San Domenico. Chiesa di Santa Caterina. Sinagoga di Casale. Di particolare interesse sono l'atrio e il cortile, ricchi di luce e colore. Di origine tardo-medievale, fu profondamente rimaneggiato durante il Settecentoepoca in cui assunse l'attuale aspetto barocco.
Il palazzo, attuale sede della biblioteca civicasi amalgama con le diverse costruzioni costituenti il grande complesso di Santa Croce, ex convento degli Agostiniani.The probable pitchers are CC Sabathia for the Yankees and Charlie Morton for the Astros. This matchup report includes odds, betting trends and a free pick against the spread. The probable pitchers are Luis Severino for the Yankees and Justin Verlander for the Astros.
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